Intangible Cultural Heritage in Austria

Sacramental Guards in Tyrol

Applicant: Karl Wurzer
Province: Tyrol
Domain: Social Practices
Year of inclusion: 2013

The Sacramental Guards in Tyrol were founded about 500 years ago based on the Spanish model of the Corpus Christi Confraternities. Their original duty of guarding and honouring the Eucharist at processions still stands. Over the course of their history, the Sacramental Guards in Tyrol were dissolved several times, yet their tradition was successfully upheld in the villages in Thaur, Hall, Volders and Schwaz. Only at selected ecclesiastical and secular occasions the four Sacramental Guards appear together, dressed in their historical attire and arms. The guards also accompany private ceremonies, such as weddings or funerals, and take on social and cultural duties within their communities.