In Austria, the tradition of Samsontragen can only be found in the Lungau region (Salzburg) and in two communities in the adjacent federal province of Styria. These regions, however, consider this tradition, which attracts innumerable guests every year, to be a firm part of their annual rites.
Samsontragen goes back to the baroque period, when Capuchin monks organized magnificent processions during the Feast of Corpus Christi and on Brotherhood Monday (a week later) with bible portrayals and interpretations on carts. The carts featured a gigantic sculpture of Samson, a judge from the Old Testament. At the end of the 18th century, during the Enlightenment and Reformation period, the public presentation of such figures during processions was prohibited. Since then, this custom has been carried out before and after processions instead. The aforementioned gigantic characters are also well-known in other European countries such as Spain, Belgium, Portugal or France.